Independent Hardwood Floor

Hardwood Options

Red OakRed oak

Popular choice of wood. Reddish in color, stains well and demonstrates strong stain contrast because of it's open grain appearance. Red oak is slightly coarser then White oak and because of it's density and hardness will retain it's beauty for years of wear and tear.

Janka hardness for northern species is 1290. Janka hardness for southern species is below average at 1060. it is 18% softer then northern red oak. Red oak is easily available in clear grade, select, #1 and # 2. The difference between the grades are their appearances. Clear grade allows all the natural color variations with minimal character marks and limited color variations. The select grade has a higher color consistency. # 1 has more color variation while # 2 gives a more rustic look and feel which adds more character. The most common and popular width is 2-1/4" but also can be available in 3-1/4", 3", 4" or 5".

White OakWhite oak

This wood is light brown,some boards may have a pinkish or slight grayish cast. The grain is open with longer rays then red oak. Stains very well and evenly. This wood sands satisfactorily and is durable under exposure.

Popular choice of wood. Reddish in color, stains well and demonstrates strong stain contrast because of it's open grain appearance. Red oak is slightly coarser then White oak and because of it's density and hardness will retain it's beauty for years of wear and tear.

Janka hardness for northern species is 1210 - about 6% softer then northern red oak. White oak is easily available in clear grade, select, #1 and # 2. The difference between the grades are their appearances. Clear grade allows all the natural color variations with minimal character marks and limited color variations. The select grade has a higher color consistency. # 1 has more color variation while # 2 gives a more rustic look and feel which adds more character. The most common and popular width is 2-1/4" but also can be available in 3-1/4", 3", 4" or 5".

Brazilian CherryBrazilian cherry

Cherry is rich, reddish brown in color and darkens considerably with age and exposure to sunlight. Grain of cherry is straight , satiny and has a very interesting character. Density of this wood is strong, stiff and rather hard. Unsurpassed in it's finishing qualities it's texture takes a finish very well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

HickoryHickory

Tan or reddish in color. The sapwood in it is white to cream with fine brown lines. This wood is very difficult to sand and because of it's density and light colors very likely sander marks will show more then on dark woods. Hickory may be difficult to stain and highly not recommended.

 

 

 

 

 

 

MapleMaple

Cream to light reddish brown. The grain is usually straight and sometimes highly figured with burl grain ( clusters of round curls). Maple is durable and has excellent resistance to abrasion and indentation. Making it an ideal floor. Takes finish well but may be difficult to stain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

American black walnutAmerican black walnut

Can vary from light to yellowish with green overtones to almost blackish brown. Darkens over time from medium to dark brown. The grain is fine to medium,straight to very irregular. Very difficult to sand and scratches are easily seen. This wood is very dense and oily. We recommend for hardwood floor boarders.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Flooring Hardness Chart

How Hard is Hardwood?

Here we list the relative hardness of each wood species used to make hardwood floors. These ratings were created using the Janka Hardness Test, which measures the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood.

The higher the number, the harder the wood. Though it’s one of the best methods to measure the ability of a specific species of wood to withstand indentations, it should only be used as a general guide for comparison. The construction and finish of a floor also play an important role in its durability and ease of maintenance.

 Douglas Fir  660
 Southern Yellow Pine (short leaf)  690
 Southern Yellow Pine (Long leaf)  870
 Black Cherry  950
 Teak  1000
 Black Walnut  1010
 Heart Pine 1225
 Yellow Birch 1260
 Red Oak (Northern) 1290
 American Beech 1300
 Ash 1320
 White Oak 1360
 Australian Cypress 1375
 Hard Maple 1450
 Wenge 1620
 African Pedauk 1725
 Hickory 1820
 Pecan 1820
 Purpleheart 1860
 Jarrah 1910
 Merbau 1925
 Santos Mahogany 2200
 Mesquite 2345